• Fauna and Flora

To the untrained eye, the Sahara is arid and empty. Yet animals and plants are present and even more abundant than we think. They have developed many strategies to cope with the difficult conditions of life in the desert.

At night the desert comes alive and each animal starts looking for food. The majority of animal species in desert areas do not need to drink to survive, but they absolutely must retrieve liquid from the flesh of their prey.


Camels and goats are animals domesticated by man. Camels have always been animals domesticated by nomads, because of their soberness, endurance and speed.

Among the most common animals in the south Algerian desert we find:

  • various species of scorpions,
  • the fox also called sand fox who spends the day in his den and hunts for insects and rodents at night. His highly developed sense of hearing allows him to locate his prey quickly, thanks to his disproportionate ears. The Algerians have made him their symbol.
  • beautiful gazelles (an endangered species), who are particularly well adapted to this arid habitat.
  • jackals, rodents (gerbils, goundis, desert hares), reptiles, insects, mouflon,...
  • the moula moula (white-crowned wheatear), the bird of the desert par excellence, pigeons, crows, ...
  • half-wild donkeys 

More information : http://www.naturevivante.org (French)

A few words about the dromadary, the vessel of the desert:


At the beginning of our era, the dromadary penetrated the Sahara  and became an essential animal to the nomads. In the south, the dromedary is commonly called "camel" (the dromedary has one hump unlike his cousin the camel, who has two). The dromadary only roams in North Africa.

The dromedary has always been of great value to the nomads of the desert. It is a pack animal, not only used as a means of transport, but also for his wool, meat and milk. The animal still plays an important role in the lives of the Tuareg.
It is the ideal animal for long travels in the desert. It can easily carry 200 kg over long distances. 

It is capable of resisting extreme temperatures and lack of water:
At a temperature of 50 ° C, it is capable of doing without food and water for at least one week or longer depending on the season of the year.

Want to know more ?: http://www.futura-sciences.com/magazines/nature/infos/dico/d/zoologie-dromadaire-13384/